The CPR changes for 2015 are based on numerous studies and research and represent the latest in cardiovascular science. The methods have not changed much from 2010, but are clarified to represent the best approach for successful resuscitation. I can certainly tell you from experience that these methods do work. One of the biggest factors in survival is that good samaritans initiate CPR before 911 help arrives. Start compressions immediately after confirming unconsciousness and lack of breathing and continue until 911 arrives or you integrate an AED (automated external defibrillator) into your patient care.
Here are some of the key CPR changes for 2015:
1. Adult compressions are delivered to a depth of 2 to 2.4 inches
2. Deliver compressions at a rate or speed of 100-120 per minute
3. Allow complete chest recoil or the chest to come up fully after each compression
4. Use an app, such as “CPR metronome” to help keep the beat
5. Minimize interruptions in compressions and keep to 10 seconds or less
6. Hands-only CPR is adequate for an adult in situations where you do not have a mask or shield for breaths, but in children or infants, breathing is a higher priority
7. AEDs should be used by untrained providers, with the help of its voice prompts or dispatcher assistance
Please visit www.eccguidelines.heart.org for further details. For more information on CPR changes for 2015, you can also refer to www.ilcor.org.